新手入门

如同其他操作系统,本系统也可能存在您所不熟悉的内容。本节将介绍如何完成诸如浏览网页与听音乐的简单日常任务,以及您可能不了解的其他有用的信息。

桌面

elementary OS的桌面十分简单且易于使用。它包括两个部分:面板和 DOCK。你可以通过系统设置桌面壁纸来定义桌面的壁纸。

面板

At the top of the desktop is the Panel. On the left is the Applications Menu, in the center are the date and time, and on the right are the Indicators.

面板

应用程序菜单

在面板左侧是应用程序菜单。点击选中“应用程序”来打开一个菜单,其中有系统所安装的全部应用。阁下可以滑动鼠标滚轮翻页或点击页面底部的圆点(即翻页器)来浏览它们,另外可以使用页面左上角的视图切换器来在网格视图(不分类大图标视图)与分类视图之间切换。

应用程序菜单

阁下可以结合应用的名称或一些关键字来检索应用并运行它们,也可以对系统设置项进行检索。还有一些动作可以在搜索中直接使用,其中包括:

To open the Applications Menu with the keyboard, press + Space.

指示器

On the right side of the panel are icons called Indicators. These tell you of the current status of your session and device, i.e. network connections, battery, sound input and output, notifications, etc. Selecting an indicator exposes more information and related actions.

对一个指示器中键单击(鼠标)或三指单击(触摸板)将会为您提供以下快捷操作:

DOCK

At the bottom of the desktop is the Dock. It contains your favorite apps well as any apps that are currently open.

DOCK

The contents of the dock are easily customizable. To add an app to the dock, drag and drop it from the Applications Menu or right-click an open app's icon and choose Keep in Dock. To remove an app from the dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or right-click the icon and uncheck Keep in Dock. To rearrange apps on the dock, simply drag and drop them.

By default, the dock hides off the bottom of the desktop when an app is maximized. Simply move your mouse to the bottom center of the desktop to reveal the dock.

您可以通过系统设置桌面Dock自定义 Dock 设置。

App Windows

应用程序存在于自己的窗口中,可以关闭,最大化或移动。

When you open an app, its window appears on the desktop. Each app typically has three areas: the window buttons, a toolbar, and the contents of the app.

Header Bar

Many apps have a Header Bar at the top of the app. This area contains common actions or navigation items for the app, plus the Window Buttons.

You can move an app's window around the desktop by dragging anywhere on the Header Bar, including on buttons.

Header Bar

Window Buttons

An app's Window Buttons are at the top corners of the app window. The close button is on the left and the maximize button is on the right. Pressing the close button will close the app's window. Pressing the maximize button will toggle whether the app window takes up the full desktop or not. You can also drag a window to the top of the desktop or double-click its header bar to maximize, and drag from the top or double-click the header bar to unmaximize.

Multitasking

elementary OS supports two types of multitasking: windows and workspaces.

Windows

Apps open in app windows. They can overlap on your desktop and be moved around. You can switch between windows several ways:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWindows.

Hot Corners

You can also configure "hot corners" (shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the display) to activate multitasking functions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.

You can customize hot corners through System SettingsDesktopHot Corners.

Workspaces

By default, all app windows open on one workspace. However, you can use multiple workspaces to organize your workflow:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWorkspaces.

Some windows may also fullscreen onto a new workspace. You can move between workspaces as usual, and closing or un-fullscreening the app will return you to the previous workspace.

Note: refers to the "super" key. It is also known as the "Windows" key on most PCs or the "Command" key on Macs.

Multiple Displays

The panel, dock, and workspaces appear only on the primary display. Any other attached displays act as standalone workspaces. To manage and rearrange displays, head to System SettingsDisplays. Your primary display is marked with a filled-in star () and each display's settings can be changed from its cog () menu.

Installing Apps

elementary OS comes with AppCenter, an app store for open source pay-what-you want apps. Installing a new app from AppCenter is easy:

  1. Open the AppCenter app.
  2. Search in the top-right, or browse by category.
  3. Select Free or the suggested price next to the app you want to install. To choose a different price, select the button and select or enter your own price.

You may be asked for your password prior to installing an app.

Note: Some software may not be available from AppCenter. As of elementary OS 5.1 Hera, you can also sideload Flatpak apps from third-party .flatpakref files.

Updating

AppCenter includes updates for apps and the operating system itself under the Installed tab. Remember to install updates frequently to get the latest features, fixes, and security improvements. For more information related to security patches, read the Ubuntu security notices.

System Settings

elementary OS comes with the "System Settings" app that helps you manage settings and preferences for your device. System Settings gives you the ability to adjust things like keyboard shortcuts, display resolution, your wallpaper, and more.

System Settings

You can quickly find settings you are looking for by typing keywords in the search bar at the top of the window. The contents of the System Settings window will filter down to match your search.

App Settings

Keep in mind that System Settings only deals with the global preferences for elementary OS. Although some apps may also have their own preferences, you will not find them here. Instead, look for them inside the app in question.