تعلم المبادئ

As with every operating system there are some things that you may not be familiar with. This section will deal with how to complete simple, every day tasks such as browsing the web and listening to music, as well as other useful information that you may be unaware of.

سطح المكتب

The elementary OS desktop is very simple and easy to learn. It consists of two elements: the panel and the dock. You can customize the desktop's wallpaper through System SettingsDesktopWallpaper.

اللوحة

يمكنك إيجاد اللوحة في أعلى الشاشة. قائمة التطبيقات على اليسار، التوقيت والتقويم في الوسط، والمؤشرات على اليمين.

اللوحة

تطبيقات

On the left side of the panel is the Applications item. Clicking Applications brings up a launcher with all of your installed apps. You can view multiple pages of apps using the pagers at the bottom or by scrolling. You can also use the view switcher at the top to switch between a grid view and a category view.

Slingshot

You can search for apps by name or by keyword and perform actions associated with them. You can also search for system settings panes. Some of the actions you can find in search include:

لفتح قائمة التطبيقات من خلال لوحة المفاتيح، إضغط + space.

مؤشرات

On the right side of the panel are icons called Indicators. These tell you of the current status of your session, i.e. your network connections, battery power, sound input and output, notifications, etc. Clicking an indicator exposes more information and related actions.

A middle click or three finger tap on an indicator will present you with the following quick actions:

الإرساء

في أسفل الشاشة يوجد الإرساء. يحتوي على تطبيقاتك المفضلة إضافة إلى أي تطبيق مفتوح حاليا.

الإرساء

The contents of the dock are easily customizable. To add an app to the dock, drag and drop it from Applications on the panel or right-click an open app's icon and choose Keep in Dock. To remove an app from the dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or right-click the icon and uncheck Keep in Dock. To rearrange apps on the dock, simply drag and drop them.

إفتراضيا، الإرساء يختفي أسفل الشاشة عند تكبير التطبيق. ببساطة قم بتحريك الفأرة إلى وسط أسفل الشاشة لإظهار الإرساء.

يمكنك تشخيص سلوك الإرساء من خلال إعدادات النظامسطح المكتبالإرساء.

نوافذ التطبيقات

التطبيقات تتواجد في نوافذها الخاصة التي يمكن إغلاقها، تكبيرها، أو تحريكها.

عند فتحك لتطبيق، تظهر نافذته على سطح المكتب. كل تطبيق يتكون عادة من ثلاث مناطق: أزرار النافذة، شريط أدوات، ومحتوى التطبيق.

HeaderBar

Many apps have a HeaderBar at the top of the app. This area contains common actions or navigation items for the app, plus the Window Buttons.

You can move an app's window around the desktop by dragging anywhere on the HeaderBar, including on buttons.

HeaderBar

أزرار النافذة

An app's Window Buttons are at the top corners of the app window. The close button is on the left and the maximize button is on the right. Pressing the close button will close the app's window. Pressing the maximize button will toggle whether the app window takes up the full screen or not.

تعدد المهام

نظام تشغيل إلمنتري يدعم نوعين من تعدد المهام: النوافذ ومساحات العمل.

نظام ويندوز

التطبيقات تفتح في نوافذ التطبيق. يمكنها التداخل في سطح مكتبك ويمكن تحريكها. يمكنك الإنتقال بين النوافذ بطرق متعددة:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWindows.

الزوايا الساخنة

You can also configure "hot corners" (shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the display) to activate multi-tasking functions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.

You can customize hot corners through System SettingsDesktopHot Corners.

مساحات العمل

إفتراضيا، كل نوافذ التطبيقات تفتح في مساحة عمل واحدة. مع ذلك، يمكن استخدام مساحات عمل متعددة لتنظيم سير عملك.

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWorkspaces.

Note: refers to the "super" key. It is also known as the "Windows" key on most PCs or the "Command" key on Macs.

العروض المتعددة

The panel, dock, and workspaces appear only on the primary display. Any other attached displays act as standalone workspaces. To manage and rearrange displays, head to System SettingsDisplays. Your primary display is marked with a filled-in star () and each display's settings can be changed from its cog () menu.

تثبيت التطبيقات

elementary OS comes bundled with AppCenter, an app store for free apps. Installing a new app from AppCenter is easy:

  1. Open the AppCenter app.
  2. البحث في الأعلى-يمينا، أو الإستعراض.
  3. إضغط تثبيت بمحاذاة التطبيق الذي تريد تثبيته.

قد يتم سؤالك عن كلمة مرورك قبل تثبيت التطبيق.

Note: Some software may not be available from AppCenter. While we don't recommend downloading software from the general Internet, apps that are compatible with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS should work on elementary OS Loki.

تحديث

elementary OS includes updates as part of AppCenter. Notice the tab "Updates" at the top of the window. We recommend you check for updates at least once a week to make sure your computer has the latest features and protection.

For more information related to security patches, read the Ubuntu security notices.

إعدادات النظام

elementary OS comes with a handy app called "System Settings" that controls all of your system-wide (or "global") preferences. System Settings gives you the ability to adjust things like keyboard shortcuts, display resolution, your wallpaper, and more.

يمكنك إيجاد الإعدادات التي تبحث عنها بسرعة بإدخال الكلمات المفتاحية في شريط لبحث أعلى النافذة. سيتم فلترة محتوى نافذة إعدادات النظام لتوافق بحثك.

إعدادات التطبيق

Keep in mind that System Settings only deals with the global preferences for elementary OS. Although some apps may also have their own preferences, you will not find them here. Instead, look for them inside the app in question.