Aprendendo o básico

Aprenda sobre o ambiente de trabalho do elementaryOS e como navegar por janelas, espaços de trabalho e mais.

Área de Trabalho

A área de trabalho do elementary OS é constituido por dois elementos: o Painel e a Doca. Você pode customizar o papel de parede da área de trabalho utilizando o clique secundário na área de trabalho—botão direito em um mouse ou toque com dois dedos em um touchpad. Você também pode alterar a aparência e o comportamento da área de trabalho a partir de Configurações do SistemaÁrea de Trabalho.

Painel

No topo do ambiente de trabalho temos o Painel. À esquerda temos o Menu de Aplicações, ao centro estão a data e a hora, e à direita temos os Indicadores do Sistema.

  1. Menu de Aplicativos
  2. Data & Hora
  3. Indicadores do Sistema
Painel

Menu de Aplicativos

Para abrir ou buscar por aplicativos instalados, selecione Aplicativos no Painel. Você pode navegar através de seus aplicativos utilizando a rolagem em um mouse, deslizando com dois dedos em um touchpad, ou utilizando os pontos do paginador na parte inferior. Você também pode utilizar o alterador de visualização na parte superior para alternar entre exibir seus aplicativos em uma grade ou em uma lista categorizada.

Menu de Aplicativos

Comece a digitar no Menu de Aplicativos para pesquisar seus aplicativos por nome ou por palavras-chave. Pesquisar também exibirá ações de aplicativos e Configurações do Sistema. Por exemplo, utilizando a pesquisa você pode:

Para abrir o Menu de Aplicativos utilizando o teclado, pressione Espaço.

Data & Hora

O indicador de Data & Hora ao centro do Painel exibe a data e a hora atual. Clique ou toque em qualquer área da data ou hora para exibir um calendário e os eventos futuros. Dê um clique duplo em um dia ou selecione um evento para abrir o aplicativo Calendário.

Indicadores do Sistema

Os Indicadores do Sistema à direita do Painel exibem o status do dispositivo, ou seja, conexões de rede, bateria, entrada e saída de som, notificações e etc. Selecionar um indicador expões mais informações e ações relacionadas.

Sobrepassar um indicador com o cursor do mouse também exibe uma breve informação e o atalho de clique do meio ou toque com três dedos para o indicador. Por exemplo:

Doca

Na parte inferior do ambiente de trabalho está a Doca para acesso rápido aos seus aplicativos favoritos ou que estão abertos atualmente.

Doca

To add an app to the Dock, drag and drop it from the Applications Menu or secondary-click an open app's icon and choose Keep in Dock. To remove an app from the Dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or secondary-click the icon and uncheck Keep in Dock. Drag and drop apps on the Dock to rearrange them.

By default, the Dock hides off the bottom of the desktop when an app is maximized or overlaps it. Push your mouse cursor against the bottom-center of the desktop to reveal and use the Dock when it's hidden.

You can customize the dock's size and behavior in System SettingsDesktopDock & Panel.

Janelas de Aplicativos

When you open an app, its window appears on the desktop. While the exact design of different apps may differ, app windows can generally be closed, moved, resized, and maximized.

Barra de Cabeçalho

Most apps have a Header Bar at the top of their window with the Window Buttons and the app's actions or navigation.

Move a window by dragging anywhere on the Header Bar or by pressing AltF7 and moving your mouse cursor.

Barra de Cabeçalho

Secondary-click the Header Bar for quick access to window and workspace actions.

Botões de Janela

An app's window buttons are at the top corners of the app window: close at the left and maximize (if supported by the app) at the right. Closing a window will close that app; it can be re-opened from the Applications Menu or Dock. Maximizing a window resizes it to take up most of the desktop while retaining your access to the Panel and Dock.

You can also drag a window to the top of the desktop or double-click its header bar to maximize, and drag from the top or double-click the header bar to unmaximize.

Resizing

Most app windows can be resized by draging from any edge of the window. You can also secondary-click a window's header bar and choose Resize or press AltF8 to enter a resize mode: move the mouse cursor in the direction you want to resize the window.

Multitarefa

elementary OS uses both windows and workspaces for multitasking.

Janelas

App windows can overlap on your desktop and be moved around. You can switch between open windows several ways:

Workspaces

By default, app windows open on your current workspace. However, you can use multiple workspaces to organize your workflow:

Workspaces

To move left or right through your workspaces, press or or swipe with three fingers on a touchpad or touch screen.

Jump straight to a specific workspace by pressing 1 through 9. You can always jump to a new workspace with 0.

Move windows between workspaces by dragging them in the Multitasking View or by pressing Alt or .

Customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWorkspaces.

Some windows may also fullscreen onto a new workspace. You can move between workspaces as usual, and closing or un-fullscreening the app will return you to the previous workspace.

Multitasking View

Multitasking View

The Multitasking View shows all open windows and workspaces so you can switch between them. To open it, select the Multitasking View icon in the dock, press , or swipe up with three fingers on a touchpad or touch screen.

Gestures

elementary OS supports multi-touch gestures on supported hardware like touchpads and touch screens. By default, a three-finger swipe left or right switches workspaces while a three-finger swipe up enters the Multitasking View.

Modify gestures from System SettingsMouse & TouchpadGestures.

Hot Corners

Hot Corners are shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the primary display. You can configure Hot Corners to activate multitasking actions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.

You can customize hot corners through System SettingsDesktopMultitasking.

Multiple Displays

The Panel, Dock, and workspaces appear on the primary display. Any other attached displays act as standalone workspaces. To manage and rearrange displays, head to System SettingsDisplays. Your primary display is marked with a filled-in star () and each display's settings can be changed from its menu.

Installing Apps

elementary OS comes with AppCenter,the open, pay-what-you-can app store for indie developers. To install a new app:

  1. Open AppCenter
  2. Search in the top-right, or browse by category
  3. Select Free or the suggested price next to the app you want to install. To choose a different price, select the button and select or enter your own price.

Sideload

Some third-party software may not be available from AppCenter, especially if it is cross-platform and not designed for elementary OS. You can sideload Flatpak apps from third-party sources like Flathub: download and open a .flatpakref or .flatpak file, and the Sideload utility will install it for you. Updates to that app and other apps from the same source may then show up as non-curated in AppCenter.

Keep in mind that sideloaded and non-curated apps have not been reviewed by elementary for security or privacy.

Updating

AppCenter includes updates for apps and the operating system itself under the Installed tab. Remember to install updates frequently to get the latest features, fixes, and security improvements. For more information related to security patches, read the Ubuntu security notices.

System Settings

elementary OS comes with the System Settings app that helps you manage device settings and user preferences. System Settings enables you to adjust keyboard shortcuts, display resolution, your wallpaper, and more.

System Settings

You can find specific settings by typing in the search bar at the top of the window.

App Settings

Keep in mind that System Settings only deals with system-wide settings and user preferences for elementary OS. If an app offers settings or preferences, they will be exposed within the app itself.

Keyboard Shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts in elementary OS are generally exposed contextually in tooltips when hovering or context menus when secondary-clicking.

To view an overlay of desktop keyboard shortcuts, press the key.

Keyboard Shortcuts

Desktop keyboard shorcuts can be customized from the menu in the shortcuts overlay or in System SettingsKeyboardShortcuts.