Basiskennis

Zoals met ieder besturingssysteem zullen er elementen zijn waarmee je nog niet vertrouwd bent. Dit gedeelte behandelt alledaagse taken zoals browsen op internet en het luisteren naar muziek en geeft andere nuttige informatie die je wellicht nog niet kent.

Het bureaublad

Het elementary bureaublad is simpel van opzet en makkelijk te leren. Het bestaat uit twee elementen: het paneel en het dock. Je kunt de bureaubladachtergrond aanpassen door naar SysteeminstellingenBureaubladAchtergrond te gaan.

Het paneel

At the top of the desktop is the Panel. On the left is the Applications Menu, in the center are the date and time, and on the right are the Indicators.

Het paneel

Applications Menu

On the left side of the panel is the Applications Menu. Selecting Applications opens the menu with all of your installed apps. You can view multiple pages of apps using the pagers at the bottom or by scrolling. You can also use the view switcher at the top to switch between a grid view and a category view.

Applications Menu

You can search for apps by name or by keyword and perform actions associated with them. You can also search for System Settings panes. Some of the actions you can find in search include:

To open the Applications Menu with the keyboard, press + Space.

Indicatore

On the right side of the panel are icons called Indicators. These tell you of the current status of your session and device, i.e. network connections, battery, sound input and output, notifications, etc. Selecting an indicator exposes more information and related actions.

A middle click or three finger tap on an indicator will present you with the following quick actions:

Het dock

At the bottom of the desktop is the Dock. It contains your favorite apps well as any apps that are currently open.

Het dock

The contents of the dock are easily customizable. To add an app to the dock, drag and drop it from the Applications Menu or right-click an open app's icon and choose Keep in Dock. To remove an app from the dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or right-click the icon and uncheck Keep in Dock. To rearrange apps on the dock, simply drag and drop them.

By default, the dock hides off the bottom of the desktop when an app is maximized. Simply move your mouse to the bottom center of the desktop to reveal the dock.

Je kunt het gedrag van het dock aanpassen door naar SysteeminstellingenBureaubladDock te gaan.

Applicatievensters

Applicaties hebben hun eigen venster wat gesloten, gemaximaliseerd of verplaatst kan worden.

Als je een applicatie opent, verschijnt het venster op het bureaublad. Een applicatie heeft meestal drie gedeelten: de vensterknoppen, een werkbalk en de inhoud van de applicatie.

Header Bar

Many apps have a Header Bar at the top of the app. This area contains common actions or navigation items for the app, plus the Window Buttons.

You can move an app's window around the desktop by dragging anywhere on the Header Bar, including on buttons.

Header Bar

Vensterknoppe

An app's Window Buttons are at the top corners of the app window. The close button is on the left and the maximize button is on the right. Pressing the close button will close the app's window. Pressing the maximize button will toggle whether the app window takes up the full desktop or not. You can also drag a window to the top of the desktop or double-click its header bar to maximize, and drag from the top or double-click the header bar to unmaximize.

Multitaske

elementary OS ondersteunt twee manieren om te multitasken: vensters en bureaubladen.

Windows

Applicaties openen in applicatievensters. Deze kunnen overlappen op je bureaublad en kunnen versleept worden. Je kunt op verschillende manieren wisselen tussen vensters:

Je kunt deze snelkoppelingen aanpassen door naar SysteeminstellingenToetsenbordSnelkoppelingenVensters te gaan.

Hot Corners

You can also configure "hot corners" (shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the display) to activate multitasking functions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.

Je kunt de hot corners instellen door naar SysteeminstellingenBureaubladHot Corners te gaan.

Werkbladen

Standaard worden alle applicatievensters geopend hetzelfde werkblad. Je kunt echter meerder werkbladen gebruiken om je workflow te organiseren:

Je kunt deze instellingen aanpassen door naar SysteeminstellingenToetsenbordSnelkoppelingenWerkbladen te gaan.

Some windows may also fullscreen onto a new workspace. You can move between workspaces as usual, and closing or un-fullscreening the app will return you to the previous workspace.

Noot: verwijst naar de "super" toets. Deze is ook wel bekend als "Windows" toets op de meest PCs of de "Command" toets op Macs.

Multiple Displays

The panel, dock, and workspaces appear only on the primary display. Any other attached displays act as standalone workspaces. To manage and rearrange displays, head to System SettingsDisplays. Your primary display is marked with a filled-in star () and each display's settings can be changed from its cog () menu.

Installeren van applicaties

elementary OS comes with AppCenter, an app store for open source pay-what-you want apps. Installing a new app from AppCenter is easy:

  1. Open the AppCenter app.
  2. Search in the top-right, or browse by category.
  3. Select Free or the suggested price next to the app you want to install. To choose a different price, select the button and select or enter your own price.

Het kan voorkomen dat om je wachtwoord gevraagd wordt voor het installatieproces begint.

Note: Some software may not be available from AppCenter. As of elementary OS 5.1 Hera, you can also sideload Flatpak apps from third-party .flatpakref files.

Updating

AppCenter includes updates for apps and the operating system itself under the Installed tab. Remember to install updates frequently to get the latest features, fixes, and security improvements. For more information related to security patches, read the Ubuntu security notices.

Systeeminstellingen

elementary OS comes with the "System Settings" app that helps you manage settings and preferences for your device. System Settings gives you the ability to adjust things like keyboard shortcuts, display resolution, your wallpaper, and more.

Systeeminstellingen

Je kunt instellingen snel vinden door een trefwoord in te toetsen in de zoekbalk bovenin het venster. De systeeminstellingen worden dan doorzocht op het ingevoerde trefwoord.

Applicatieinstellinge

Keep in mind that System Settings only deals with the global preferences for elementary OS. Although some apps may also have their own preferences, you will not find them here. Instead, look for them inside the app in question.