Aprender o básico

Saiba acerca do ambiente de trabalho do elementary OS e como navegar em janelas, áreas de trabalho e muito mais.

Ambiente de trabalho

O ambiente de trabalho do elementary OS consiste em dois elementos: o Painel e a Doca. É possível personalizar o papel de parede da área de trabalho ao clicar com o botão direito do rato, ou com dois dedos num painel tátil. Também é possível alterar o aspeto e o comportamento do ambiente de trabalho nas Definições do SistemaAmbiente de trabalho.

Painel

At the top of the desktop is the Panel. On the left is the Applications Menu, in the center are the date and time, and on the right are the System Indicators.

  1. Menu de Aplicações
  2. Data e Hora
  3. Indicadores do sistema
O Painel

Menu de Aplicações

To open or search for installed apps, select Applications on the Panel. You can page through your apps by scrolling on a mouse, swiping with two fingers on a touchpad, or by using the pager dots at the bottom. You can also use the view switcher at the top to switch between showing your apps in a grid or a categorized list.

Menu de Aplicações

Start typing in the Applications Menu to search your apps by name or by keyword. Searching will also display app actions and System Settings. For example, by searching you can:

To open the Applications Menu with the keyboard, press Space.

Data e Hora

The Date & Time indicator at the center of the Panel displays the current date and time. Click or tap anywhere on the date or time to display a calendar and upcoming events. Double-click a day or select an event to open it in the full Calendar app.

Indicadores do sistema

The System Indicators at the right of the Panel display the status of device, i.e. network connections, battery, sound input and output, notifications, etc. Selecting an indicator exposes more information and related actions.

Hovering an indicator with the mouse cursor also displays quick information and the middle-click or three finger tap shortcut for the indicator. For example:

Dock

At the bottom of the desktop is the Dock for quick access to your favorite and currently-opened apps.

Dock

To add an app to the Dock, drag and drop it from the Applications Menu or secondary-click an open app's icon and choose Keep in Dock. To remove an app from the Dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or secondary-click the icon and uncheck Keep in Dock. Drag and drop apps on the Dock to rearrange them.

By default, the Dock hides off the bottom of the desktop when an app is maximized or overlaps it. Push your mouse cursor against the bottom-center of the desktop to reveal and use the Dock when it's hidden.

You can customize the dock's size and behavior in System SettingsDesktopDock & Panel.

Janelas de aplicação

When you open an app, its window appears on the desktop. While the exact design of different apps may differ, app windows can generally be closed, moved, resized, and maximized.

Barra de Cabeçalho

Most apps have a Header Bar at the top of their window with the Window Buttons and the app's actions or navigation.

Move a window by dragging anywhere on the Header Bar or by pressing AltF7 and moving your mouse cursor.

Barra de Cabeçalho

Secondary-click the Header Bar for quick access to window and workspace actions.

Botões de Janela

An app's window buttons are at the top corners of the app window: close at the left and maximize (if supported by the app) at the right. Closing a window will close that app; it can be re-opened from the Applications Menu or Dock. Maximizing a window resizes it to take up most of the desktop while retaining your access to the Panel and Dock.

You can also drag a window to the top of the desktop or double-click its header bar to maximize, and drag from the top or double-click the header bar to unmaximize.

Resizing

Most app windows can be resized by draging from any edge of the window. You can also secondary-click a window's header bar and choose Resize or press AltF8 to enter a resize mode: move the mouse cursor in the direction you want to resize the window.

Multitarefa

elementary OS uses both windows and workspaces for multitasking.

Janelas

App windows can overlap on your desktop and be moved around. You can switch between open windows several ways:

Áreas de trabalho

By default, app windows open on your current workspace. However, you can use multiple workspaces to organize your workflow:

Áreas de trabalho

To move left or right through your workspaces, press or or swipe with three fingers on a touchpad or touch screen.

Jump straight to a specific workspace by pressing 1 through 9. You can always jump to a new workspace with 0.

Move windows between workspaces by dragging them in the Multitasking View or by pressing Alt or .

Customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWorkspaces.

Algumas janelas também podem ser apresentadas em ecrã inteiro para uma nova área de trabalho. Pode deslocar-se entre áreas de trabalho como habitualmente, e fechar ou não mostar o ecrã inteiro a aplicação, irá voltar à área de trabalho anterior.

Multitasking View

Multitasking View

The Multitasking View shows all open windows and workspaces so you can switch between them. To open it, select the Multitasking View icon in the dock, press , or swipe up with three fingers on a touchpad or touch screen.

Gestures

elementary OS supports multi-touch gestures on supported hardware like touchpads and touch screens. By default, a three-finger swipe left or right switches workspaces while a three-finger swipe up enters the Multitasking View.

Modify gestures from System SettingsMouse & TouchpadGestures.

Cantos ativos

Hot Corners are shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the primary display. You can configure Hot Corners to activate multitasking actions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.

You can customize hot corners through System SettingsDesktopMultitasking.

Múltiplos ecrãs

The Panel, Dock, and workspaces appear on the primary display. Any other attached displays act as standalone workspaces. To manage and rearrange displays, head to System SettingsDisplays. Your primary display is marked with a filled-in star () and each display's settings can be changed from its menu.

Instalação de aplicações

elementary OS comes with AppCenter,the open, pay-what-you-can app store for indie developers. To install a new app:

  1. Open AppCenter
  2. Search in the top-right, or browse by category
  3. Selecione Gratuito ou o preço sugerido ao lado da aplicação que pretende instalar. Para escolher um preço diferente, selecione o botão e selecione ou introduza o seu próprio preço.

Sideload

Some third-party software may not be available from AppCenter, especially if it is cross-platform and not designed for elementary OS. You can sideload Flatpak apps from third-party sources like Flathub: download and open a .flatpakref or .flatpak file, and the Sideload utility will install it for you. Updates to that app and other apps from the same source may then show up as non-curated in AppCenter.

Keep in mind that sideloaded and non-curated apps have not been reviewed by elementary for security or privacy.

Atualização

O Centro de Aplicações inclui actualizações para aplicações e para o próprio sistema operativo sob o separador Instalado. Lembre-se de instalar atualizações frequentemente para obter as últimas funcionalidades, correções e melhorias de segurança. Para mais informações relacionadas com as correções de segurança, leia os Avisos de segurança do Ubuntu.

Definições do Sistema

elementary OS comes with the System Settings app that helps you manage device settings and user preferences. System Settings enables you to adjust keyboard shortcuts, display resolution, your wallpaper, and more.

Definições do Sistema

You can find specific settings by typing in the search bar at the top of the window.

Definições da aplicação

Keep in mind that System Settings only deals with system-wide settings and user preferences for elementary OS. If an app offers settings or preferences, they will be exposed within the app itself.

Keyboard Shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts in elementary OS are generally exposed contextually in tooltips when hovering or context menus when secondary-clicking.

To view an overlay of desktop keyboard shortcuts, press the key.

Keyboard Shortcuts

Desktop keyboard shorcuts can be customized from the menu in the shortcuts overlay or in Definições do SistemaKeyboardShortcuts.