Die Grundlagen erlernen

Wie bei jedem Betriebssystem gibt es manche Dinge, die du vielleicht nicht kennst. Dieser Abschnitt behandelt, wie man einfache, tägliche Aufgaben wie das Surfen im Internet und das Hören von Musik, sowie andere nützliche Informationen, die dir vielleicht nicht bewusst sind, erledigen kann.

Der Desktop

Der elementary OS Desktop ist sehr einfach und leicht zu erlernen. Er besteht aus zwei Elementen: das Panel und das Dock. Du kannst den Desktop-Hintergrund durch SystemeinstellungenDesktopHintergrund anpassen.

Das Panel

At the top of the screen you can see the Panel. On the left is the Applications Menu, in the center are the time and date, and on the right are the Indicators.

Das Panel

App Menü

On the left side of the panel is the Applications Menu. Selecting Applications opens the menu with all of your installed apps. You can view multiple pages of apps using the pagers at the bottom or by scrolling. You can also use the view switcher at the top to switch between a grid view and a category view.

App Menü

Du kannst Apps anhand des Namens oder mit Stichworten suchen und Befehle ausführen, die mit ihnen verknüpft sind. Du kannst auch nach Systemeinstellungen suchen. Zu den Befehlen, die Du mit der Suche finden kannst, gehören:

To open the Applications Menu with the keyboard, press + space.

Indikatoren

On the right side of the panel are icons called Indicators. These tell you of the current status of your session, i.e. your network connections, battery power, sound input and output, notifications, etc. Selecting an indicator exposes more information and related actions.

A middle click or three finger tap on an indicator will present you with the following quick actions:

Das Dock

At the bottom of the screen is the Dock. It contains your favorite apps well as any apps that are currently open.

Das Dock

The contents of the dock are easily customizable. To add an app to the dock, drag and drop it from the Applications Menu or right-click an open app's icon and choose Keep in Dock. To remove an app from the dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or right-click the icon and uncheck Keep in Dock. To rearrange apps on the dock, simply drag and drop them.

By default, the dock hides off the bottom of the screen when an app is maximized. Simply move your mouse to the bottom center of the screen to reveal the dock.

Du kannst das Verhalten des Docks anpassen mittels SystemeinstellungenDesktopDock.

App Windows

Apps exist in their own windows which can be closed, maximized, or moved around.

When you open an app, its window appears on the desktop. Each app typically has three areas: the window buttons, a toolbar, and the contents of the app.

HeaderBar

Many apps have a HeaderBar at the top of the app. This area contains common actions or navigation items for the app, plus the Window Buttons.

You can move an app's window around the desktop by dragging anywhere on the HeaderBar, including on buttons.

HeaderBar

Window Buttons

An app's Window Buttons are at the top corners of the app window. The close button is on the left and the maximize button is on the right. Pressing the close button will close the app's window. Pressing the maximize button will toggle whether the app window takes up the full screen or not.

Multitasking

elementary OS supports two types of multitasking: windows and workspaces.

Windows

Apps open in app windows. They can overlap on your desktop and be moved around. You can switch between windows several ways:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWindows.

Hot Corners

You can also configure "hot corners" (shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the display) to activate multi-tasking functions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.

You can customize hot corners through System SettingsDesktopHot Corners.

Workspaces

By default, all app windows open on one workspace. However, you can use multiple workspaces to organize your workflow:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWorkspaces.

Note: refers to the "super" key. It is also known as the "Windows" key on most PCs or the "Command" key on Macs.

Multiple Displays

The panel, dock, and workspaces appear only on the primary display. Any other attached displays act as standalone workspaces. To manage and rearrange displays, head to System SettingsDisplays. Your primary display is marked with a filled-in star () and each display's settings can be changed from its cog () menu.

Installing Apps

elementary OS comes bundled with AppCenter, an app store for free apps. Installing a new app from AppCenter is easy:

  1. Open the AppCenter app.
  2. Search in the top-right, or browse.
  3. Click Install next to the app you want to install.

You may be asked for your password prior to installing an app.

Note: Some software may not be available from AppCenter. While we don't recommend downloading software from the general Internet, apps that are compatible with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS should work on elementary OS Loki.

Updating

elementary OS includes updates as part of AppCenter. Notice the tab "Updates" at the top of the window. We recommend you check for updates at least once a week to make sure your computer has the latest features and protection.

For more information related to security patches, read the Ubuntu security notices.

Systemeinstellungen

elementary OS comes with a handy app called "System Settings" that controls all of your system-wide (or "global") preferences. System Settings gives you the ability to adjust things like keyboard shortcuts, display resolution, your wallpaper, and more.

You can quickly find settings you are looking for by typing keywords in the search bar at the top of the window. The contents of the System Settings window will filter down to match your search.

App Settings

Keep in mind that System Settings only deals with the global preferences for elementary OS. Although some apps may also have their own preferences, you will not find them here. Instead, look for them inside the app in question.