安装指南

下载 elementary OS

如果您还没有准备好,请前往 elementary.io 下载系统镜像。您将需要通过下方的教程将下载的 ISO 镜像写入到您的 USB 设备上。

我们没有严格的系统配置要求,但为确保最佳体验,我们建议设备至少达到以下要求:

您还需要至少有 2 GB 剩余空间的 USB 设备,以用于安装系统。

备份您的数据

请务必确保您将所有重要数据备份到拓展的存储里面,如网盘、移动硬盘等。安装新系统可能会删除你现有的数据。

选择您目前正在使用的操作系统

选择您现在正在使用的操作系统,以获得定制性的安装教程。


创建安装介质

您将需要一个拥有至少 2 GB 剩余空间的 USB 设备,以及 Rufus 这款软件。

下载 Rufus

Rufus - 选择 ISO

  1. 打开 Rufus
  2. 插入 USB 设备,然后在 "设备" 列表里选择此设备
  3. 在 "引导类型选择" 列表中选择 "镜像文件" 选项
  4. 点击 "选择" 按钮,选择您刚刚下载的 ISO 镜像。
  5. 我们为每个 elementary OS 镜像创建了校验值(或哈希值)以便校验下载的镜像。这可以确保你下载的镜像是完整、未被篡改的镜像。点击在 "选择" 按钮旁边的 校验图标 按钮,然后确认输出的 "SHA256" 格中的内容与以下内容相符:
439110ceadadd13683632ddd273095f72ee9b8d22a7569ac84c2fd1c4d920610
  1. 如果校验值一致,点击 "开始" 按钮,等待完成。

从安装介质启动

您需要从安装介质来启动电脑以开始安装系统。

  • 如果您的电脑仍然处于开机状态,请插入安装介质,并重新启动电脑。
  • 大部分电脑需要通过按某个按键来临时修改启动顺序 —— 一般是 F12,有可能是 Esc 或其他功能键。请注意屏幕,或者翻阅电脑的文档进行确认。
  • Press F12 (or the appropriate key) and select the install drive—usually "USB-HDD" or something containing the word "USB", but the wording may vary. If you choose the incorrect drive, your computer will likely continue to boot as normal. Just restart your computer and pick a different drive in that menu.
  • Shortly after selecting the appropriate boot drive, you should be presented with the elementary OS splash screen. You may now follow the on-screen instructions which will guide you through the rest of the process.

验证您下载的镜像

Verifying your download is an important, but optional step. We generate a checksum (or hash sum) for elementary OS images and we recommend that you verify that your download matches that checksum before trying to install. This ensures that you've received the full, complete download and that your install image is not corrupted in any way.

在终端运行以下命令:

shasum -a 256 ~/Downloads/elementaryos-5.1-stable.20200814.iso

它应该会输出以下内容:

439110ceadadd13683632ddd273095f72ee9b8d22a7569ac84c2fd1c4d920610

Note: This is assuming that you have downloaded the .iso file to your Downloads folder. In case you have downloaded it elsewhere, please specify the correct path to the downloaded file, as shown below

shasum -a 256 <path to the downloaded folder>/elementaryos-5.1-stable.20200814.iso

创建安装介质

To create an elementary OS install drive on macOS you'll need a USB flash drive that is at least 2 GB in capacity and an app called "Etcher".

下载 Etcher

etcher steps

  1. 插入 USB 设备,选择你刚刚下好的 ISO 镜像。
  2. Open "Etcher" and select your downloaded elementary OS image file using the "Select image" button.
  3. Etcher 应该已经自动选中了你的设备,但请务必检查,确认已经选中了正确的设备。
  4. Start the flashing process by clicking the "Flash!" button. It will take a moment to get started.
  5. When complete it will be safe to remove the drive and attempt to boot to install elementary OS.

在写入镜像过程中,电脑可能会弹出下面的窗口,但您可以安全忽略。

Not readable warning

从安装介质启动

您需要从安装介质来启动电脑以开始安装系统。

  • 如果您的电脑仍然处于开机状态,请插入安装介质,并重新启动电脑。
  • 听到开机音后,按住 Option 键,然后选中启动设备。设备可能会被标记为 "Windows",这是正常现象。
  • Shortly after selecting the appropriate boot drive, you should be presented with the elementary OS splash screen. You may now follow the on-screen instructions which will guide you through the rest of the process.

启动错误

If your Mac doesn't recognize your elementary OS USB Install Drive in the boot menu, you may need to create an elementary OS Install DVD instead. To create one, insert a blank DVD, right click on the ISO file in Finder, and select "Burn elementaryos-5.1-stable.20200814.iso to Disc". When complete, attempt to boot again from the Install DVD.

验证您下载的镜像

Verifying your download is an important, but optional step. We generate a checksum (or hash sum) for elementary OS images and we recommend that you verify that your download matches that checksum before trying to install. This ensures that you've received the full, complete download and that your install image is not corrupted in any way.

Running the following command in your terminal:

sha256sum elementaryos-5.1-stable.20200814.iso

should produce the output:

439110ceadadd13683632ddd273095f72ee9b8d22a7569ac84c2fd1c4d920610

创建安装介质

You'll need a USB flash drive with at least 2 GB of free space and a program called UNetbootin.

下载 UNetbootin

  1. Open UNetbootin from the Dash. It will open a window like the one below:

    UNetbootin

  2. Select "Diskimage"

  3. Click "…" to select the ISO that you downloaded previously.

  4. Unplug all USB memory devices apart from the one you want to use.

  5. Click "OK" and wait for the process to finish.

从安装介质启动

您需要从安装介质来启动电脑以开始安装系统。

  • 如果您的电脑仍然处于开机状态,请插入安装介质,并重新启动电脑。
  • 大部分电脑需要通过按某个按键来临时修改启动顺序 —— 一般是 F12,有可能是 Esc 或其他功能键。请注意屏幕,或者翻阅电脑的文档进行确认。
  • Press F12 (or the appropriate key) and select the install drive—usually "USB-HDD" or something containing the word "USB", but the wording may vary. If you choose the incorrect drive, your computer will likely continue to boot as normal. Just restart your computer and pick a different drive in that menu.
  • Shortly after selecting the appropriate boot drive, you should be presented with the elementary OS splash screen. You may now follow the on-screen instructions which will guide you through the rest of the process.

After Installation

Take this time to read the getting started guide to learn about your new operating system.