安装指南

下载 elementary OS

如果您还没有准备好,请前往 elementary.io 下载系统镜像。您将需要通过下方的教程将下载的 ISO 镜像写入到您的 USB 设备上。

Frequently-Asked Questions

See the frequently-asked questions for this release.

我们没有严格的系统配置要求,但为确保最佳体验,我们建议设备至少达到以下要求:

You will also need a spare USB flash drive with at least 4 GB of storage for installation.

We do not recommend virtual machines as they don't perform as well as a full install. If you are attempting to install in a virtual machine, enable EFI if possible but understand you may encounter other issues.

备份您的数据

请务必确保您将所有重要数据备份到拓展的存储里面,如网盘、移动硬盘等。安装新系统可能会删除你现有的数据。

Step-by-step Guide

Follow the video above, or select the operating system you are currently using to view tailored installation instructions below.

Verify Your Download

Verifying your download is an important step: we generate a "checksum" for elementary OS images and recommend that you verify that your download matches that checksum before trying to install. This ensures that you've received the full, complete download and that it is not corrupted.

Assuming you downloaded elementary OS to your Windows Downloads folder, open the Command Prompt in Windows and run the following command:

CertUtil -hashfile Downloads\elementaryos-6.0-stable.20211005.iso sha256

It should produce the output:

SHA256 hash of Downloads\elementaryos-6.0-stable.20211005.iso:
2447bbf98d406788a2b1a75db2062c7548954759e3e032e5c468f2bec172bbb0

If the checksum does not match, you may need to re-download your copy of elementary OS and ensure it completes downloading before re-verifying it.

创建安装介质

To create an elementary OS install drive you'll need a USB flash drive that is at least 4 GB in capacity and an app called "Etcher".

下载 Etcher

Etcher 步骤

Open Etcher, then:

  1. Plug in your spare USB flash drive
  2. Select your downloaded .iso file using the "Select image" button
  3. Etcher should automatically detect your USB drive; if not, select the correct drive
  4. Click the "Flash!" button. It may take a moment to get started.

Once complete, continue to boot from the install drive.

Booting From the Install Drive

您需要从安装介质来启动电脑以开始安装系统。

  • 如果您的电脑仍然处于开机状态,请插入安装介质,并重新启动电脑。
  • 大部分电脑需要通过按某个按键来临时修改启动顺序 —— 一般是 F12,有可能是 Esc 或其他功能键。请注意屏幕,或者翻阅电脑的文档进行确认。
  • F12 (或合适的键)并选择安装驱动器——通常是包含 "USB-HDD" 或包含 "USB" 等单词的项, 但措辞可能有所不同。如果您选择了错误的驱动器, 您的计算机可能会继续启动.之前的系统,请重启您的电脑,然后在菜单中选择一个不同的驱动器。
  • 在选择合适的启动驱动器后不久,您就会看到elementary OS启动屏幕。现在,您可以按照屏幕上的说明,它将指导您完成剩下的过程。

Verify Your Download

Verifying your download is an important step: we generate a "checksum" for elementary OS images and recommend that you verify that your download matches that checksum before trying to install. This ensures that you've received the full, complete download and that it is not corrupted.

Assuming you downloaded elementary OS to your macOS Downloads folder, open the Terminal app in macOS and run the following command:

shasum -a 256 ~/Downloads/elementaryos-6.0-stable.20211005.iso

It should produce the output:

2447bbf98d406788a2b1a75db2062c7548954759e3e032e5c468f2bec172bbb0

If the checksum does not match, you may need to re-download your copy of elementary OS and ensure it completes downloading before re-verifying it.

创建安装介质

To create an elementary OS install drive you'll need a USB flash drive that is at least 4 GB in capacity and an app called "Etcher".

下载 Etcher

Etcher 步骤

Open Etcher, then:

  1. Plug in your spare USB flash drive
  2. Select your downloaded .iso file using the "Select image" button
  3. Etcher should automatically detect your USB drive; if not, select the correct drive
  4. Click the "Flash!" button. It may take a moment to get started.

Once complete, continue to boot from the install drive.

在写入镜像过程中,电脑可能会弹出下面的窗口,但您可以安全忽略。

不可读警告

Booting From the Install Drive

您需要从安装介质来启动电脑以开始安装系统。

  • 如果您的电脑仍然处于开机状态,请插入安装介质,并重新启动电脑。
  • 听到开机音后,按住 Option 键,然后选中启动设备。设备可能会被标记为 "Windows",这是正常现象。
  • 在选择合适的启动驱动器后不久,您就会看到elementary OS启动屏幕。现在,您可以按照屏幕上的说明,它将指导您完成剩下的过程。

启动错误

If your Mac doesn't recognize your elementary OS USB Install Drive in the boot menu, you may need to create an elementary OS Install DVD instead. To create one, insert a blank DVD, right click on the ISO file in Finder, and select "Burn elementaryos-6.0-stable.20211005.iso to Disc". When complete, attempt to boot again from the Install DVD.

Verify Your Download

Verifying your download is an important step: we generate a "checksum" for elementary OS images and recommend that you verify that your download matches that checksum before trying to install. This ensures that you've received the full, complete download and that it is not corrupted.

在终端中运行如下命令:

sha256sum elementaryos-6.0-stable.20211005.iso

It should produce the output:

2447bbf98d406788a2b1a75db2062c7548954759e3e032e5c468f2bec172bbb0

创建安装介质

To create an elementary OS install drive you'll need a USB flash drive that is at least 4 GB in capacity and an app called "Etcher".

下载 Etcher

Etcher 步骤

Open Etcher, then:

  1. Plug in your spare USB flash drive
  2. Select your downloaded .iso file using the "Select image" button
  3. Etcher should automatically detect your USB drive; if not, select the correct drive
  4. Click the "Flash!" button. It may take a moment to get started.

Once complete, continue to boot from the install drive.

Booting From the Install Drive

您需要从安装介质来启动电脑以开始安装系统。

  • 如果您的电脑仍然处于开机状态,请插入安装介质,并重新启动电脑。
  • 大部分电脑需要通过按某个按键来临时修改启动顺序 —— 一般是 F12,有可能是 Esc 或其他功能键。请注意屏幕,或者翻阅电脑的文档进行确认。
  • F12 (或合适的键)并选择安装驱动器——通常是包含 "USB-HDD" 或包含 "USB" 等单词的项, 但措辞可能有所不同。如果您选择了错误的驱动器, 您的计算机可能会继续启动.之前的系统,请重启您的电脑,然后在菜单中选择一个不同的驱动器。
  • 在选择合适的启动驱动器后不久,您就会看到elementary OS启动屏幕。现在,您可以按照屏幕上的说明,它将指导您完成剩下的过程。

安装完成后

利用这段时间阅读 入门 指南,了解您的新操作系统。