Instalação

Baixar elementary OS

Caso ainda não tenha feito, você precisará fazer o download do elementary OS em nossa home page. Em seguida precisará copiar o arquivo ISO baixado para um pendrive usando as instruções abaixo.

Embora não tenhamos um conjunto estrito de requisitos mínimos do sistema, nós recomendamos no mínimo as seguintes especificações para uma melhor experiência:

Você também precisará de um dispositivo pendrive USB com pelo menos 2 GB de espaço livre para a instalação.

Faça Backup de Seus Dados

Certifique-se de fazer backup dos dados importantes em um local externo, como um serviço em nuvem ou um disco rígido externo. A instalação de um novo sistema operacional pode substituir os dados existentes.

Escolha o seu Sistema Operacional

Selecione o sistema operacional que você está usando no momento para visualizar as instruções de instalação personalizadas.


Criando um Disco de Instalação

Você precisará de um pendrive com ao menos 2 GB de espaço livre e de programa chamado Rufus.

Baixar Rufus

Rufus - selecionar ISO

  1. Abrir o Rufus
  2. Insira seu pendrive e o selecione na lista de "Dispositivos"
  3. Selecione "Disco ou Imagem ISO" na lista de "seleção de inicialização"
  4. Clique em "SELECIONAR" para escolher a Imagem ISO que você baixou anteriormente.
  5. Nós geramos uma soma de verificação (ou soma hash) para as imagens do elementary OS, assim você pode verificar o seu arquivo baixado. Isso garante que você obteve o arquivo completo e seu instalador não está corrompido. Clique o ícone de checksum next to "SELECT" and verify that the text next to "SHA256" matches the following hash:
439110ceadadd13683632ddd273095f72ee9b8d22a7569ac84c2fd1c4d920610
  1. If the hashes match, click "START" and wait for the process to finish.

Booting from the Install Drive

In order to start the installation process, you must boot your computer from the install drive.

  • Assuming that your computer is still on, start by inserting your install drive and restarting your computer.
  • Most computers will briefly allow you to change the boot order for this boot only by pressing a special key — usually F12, but sometimes Esc or another function key. Refer to the screen or your computer's documentation to be sure.
  • Press F12 (or the appropriate key) and select the install drive—usually "USB-HDD" or something containing the word "USB", but the wording may vary. If you choose the incorrect drive, your computer will likely continue to boot as normal. Just restart your computer and pick a different drive in that menu.
  • Shortly after selecting the appropriate boot drive, you should be presented with the elementary OS splash screen. You may now follow the on-screen instructions which will guide you through the rest of the process.

Verifique seu Download

Verifying your download is an important, but optional step. We generate a checksum (or hash sum) for elementary OS images and we recommend that you verify that your download matches that checksum before trying to install. This ensures that you've received the full, complete download and that your install image is not corrupted in any way.

Executando o seguinte comando em seu Terminal:

shasum -a 256 ~/Downloads/elementaryos-5.1-stable.20200814.iso

Deveria produzir a seguinte saída:

439110ceadadd13683632ddd273095f72ee9b8d22a7569ac84c2fd1c4d920610

Note: This is assuming that you have downloaded the .iso file to your Downloads folder. In case you have downloaded it elsewhere, please specify the correct path to the downloaded file, as shown below

shasum -a 256 <path to the downloaded folder>/elementaryos-5.1-stable.20200814.iso

Criando um Disco de Instalação

To create an elementary OS install drive on macOS you'll need a USB flash drive that is at least 2 GB in capacity and an app called "Etcher".

Fazer o download do Etcher

etcher steps

  1. Insert the spare USB drive, and select the ISO file you've just downloaded.
  2. Open "Etcher" and select your downloaded elementary OS image file using the "Select image" button.
  3. Etcher should automatically detect your USB drive, but check to see if it has selected the correct target.
  4. Start the flashing process by clicking the "Flash!" button. It will take a moment to get started.
  5. When complete it will be safe to remove the drive and attempt to boot to install elementary OS.

The following dialog may appear during the flashing process, it is safe to ignore.

Not readable warning

Booting from the Install Drive

In order to start the installation process, you must boot your computer from the install drive.

  • Assuming that your computer is still on, start by inserting your install drive and restarting your computer.
  • After you hear the chime, press and hold Option. Then, select the appropriate boot drive. Note that it may be incorrectly identified as "Windows", but this is normal.
  • Shortly after selecting the appropriate boot drive, you should be presented with the elementary OS splash screen. You may now follow the on-screen instructions which will guide you through the rest of the process.

Boot Errors

If your Mac doesn't recognize your elementary OS USB Install Drive in the boot menu, you may need to create an elementary OS Install DVD instead. To create one, insert a blank DVD, right click on the ISO file in Finder, and select "Burn elementaryos-5.1-stable.20200814.iso to Disc". When complete, attempt to boot again from the Install DVD.

Verifique seu Download

Verifying your download is an important, but optional step. We generate a checksum (or hash sum) for elementary OS images and we recommend that you verify that your download matches that checksum before trying to install. This ensures that you've received the full, complete download and that your install image is not corrupted in any way.

Executando o seguinte comando em seu Terminal:

sha256sum elementaryos-5.1-stable.20200814.iso

Deveria produzir a seguinte saída:

439110ceadadd13683632ddd273095f72ee9b8d22a7569ac84c2fd1c4d920610

Criando um Disco de Instalação

Você precisará de um pendrive com ao menos 2 GB de espaço livre e de um programa chamado UNetbootin.

Fazer download do UNetbootin

  1. Open UNetbootin from the Dash. It will open a window like the one below:

    UNetbootin

  2. Select "Diskimage"

  3. Click "…" to select the ISO that you downloaded previously.

  4. Unplug all USB memory devices apart from the one you want to use.

  5. Clique em "OK" e aguarde pela finalização do processo.

Booting from the Install Drive

In order to start the installation process, you must boot your computer from the install drive.

  • Assuming that your computer is still on, start by inserting your install drive and restarting your computer.
  • Most computers will briefly allow you to change the boot order for this boot only by pressing a special key — usually F12, but sometimes Esc or another function key. Refer to the screen or your computer's documentation to be sure.
  • Press F12 (or the appropriate key) and select the install drive—usually "USB-HDD" or something containing the word "USB", but the wording may vary. If you choose the incorrect drive, your computer will likely continue to boot as normal. Just restart your computer and pick a different drive in that menu.
  • Shortly after selecting the appropriate boot drive, you should be presented with the elementary OS splash screen. You may now follow the on-screen instructions which will guide you through the rest of the process.

Pós Instalação

Take this time to read the getting started guide to learn about your new operating system.