學習基本操作

如同其他的作業系統一樣,有一些東西你可能不熟悉。本節將講解如何完成簡單的的任務,如瀏覽網頁,聽音樂,還有你可能不知道的其他有用的信息。

桌面

Elementary OS 的桌面非常簡單易學。它由兩部分組成:面板和dock。您可以通過System SettingsDesktopWallpaper自定義桌面壁紙。

面板

螢幕頂端的橫列就是所謂的面板。面板的左邊是應用程式清單,中間是日期和時間,右邊則是各種狀態指標 (Indicator)。

面板

應用程式

面板的左側有個「應用程式」,用滑鼠點選一下就會出現一個啟動器頁面,詳細列出您已經安裝的程式。您可以用滑鼠滾輪,或按底下的頁碼來切換頁面。除此之外,您還可以按左上角的圖示來切換顯示模式——有格狀或目錄這兩種。

Slingshot

您可以通過名稱或關鍵詞搜索應用程序和執行與其關聯的操作。您也可以搜索系統設置面板。一些你可以搜索到的動作包括:

您可以用這組鍵盤快速鍵來打開應用程式清單: + space

指標

On the right side of the panel are icons called Indicators. These tell you of the current status of your session, i.e. your network connections, battery power, sound input and output, notifications, etc. Clicking an indicator exposes more information and related actions.

A middle click or three finger tap on an indicator will present you with the following quick actions:

Dock

螢幕底部的橫列稱為 Dock。這裡擺放的是您喜愛的程式,或者您目前正在使用的程式。

Dock

The contents of the dock are easily customizable. To add an app to the dock, drag and drop it from Applications on the panel or right-click an open app's icon and choose Keep in Dock. To remove an app from the dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or right-click the icon and uncheck Keep in Dock. To rearrange apps on the dock, simply drag and drop them.

By default, the dock hides off the bottom of the screen when an app is maximized. Simply move your mouse to the bottom center of the screen to reveal the dock.

You can customize the dock's behavior through System SettingsDesktopDock.

程式視窗

應用程序有自己的視窗,可以將其關閉,最大化,或四處移動。

當您打開一個應用程序,其窗口會顯示在桌面上。每個應用程序通常有三個區域:窗口按鈕,工具欄和應用程序的內容。

HeaderBar

Many apps have a HeaderBar at the top of the app. This area contains common actions or navigation items for the app, plus the Window Buttons.

You can move an app's window around the desktop by dragging anywhere on the HeaderBar, including on buttons.

HeaderBar

視窗按鈕

An app's Window Buttons are at the top corners of the app window. The close button is on the left and the maximize button is on the right. Pressing the close button will close the app's window. Pressing the maximize button will toggle whether the app window takes up the full screen or not.

多工作業檢視

elementary OS 支持兩種多工作業檢視:視窗 和 工作區。

Windows

Apps open in app windows. They can overlap on your desktop and be moved around. You can switch between windows several ways:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWindows.

熱角

You can also configure "hot corners" (shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the display) to activate multi-tasking functions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.

You can customize hot corners through System SettingsDesktopHot Corners.

工作區

By default, all app windows open on one workspace. However, you can use multiple workspaces to organize your workflow:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWorkspaces.

Note: refers to the "super" key. It is also known as the "Windows" key on most PCs or the "Command" key on Macs.

Multiple Displays

The panel, dock, and workspaces appear only on the primary display. Any other attached displays act as standalone workspaces. To manage and rearrange displays, head to System SettingsDisplays. Your primary display is marked with a filled-in star () and each display's settings can be changed from its cog () menu.

安裝應用程序

elementary OS comes bundled with AppCenter, an app store for free apps. Installing a new app from AppCenter is easy:

  1. Open the AppCenter app.
  2. 搜索右上方,或瀏覽。
  3. 點擊您想安裝應用程式旁邊的 安裝 按鍵。

您可能會被要求輸入密碼來取得安裝權限。

Note: Some software may not be available from AppCenter. While we don't recommend downloading software from the general Internet, apps that are compatible with Ubuntu 16.04 LTS should work on elementary OS Loki.

更新

elementary OS includes updates as part of AppCenter. Notice the tab "Updates" at the top of the window. We recommend you check for updates at least once a week to make sure your computer has the latest features and protection.

For more information related to security patches, read the Ubuntu security notices.

系統設定

Elementary OS 附帶了一個名為“系統設定”的應用程序,用於控制您的系統(全域)設定。系統設定讓你自行調整鍵盤快捷鍵,顯示分辨率,牆紙,以及其他選項。

你可以在窗口頂部的搜索欄輸入關鍵字快速尋找你要的設定。 系統設定窗口中的內容會根據您的關鍵字篩選你要的內容。

App 設定

Keep in mind that System Settings only deals with the global preferences for elementary OS. Although some apps may also have their own preferences, you will not find them here. Instead, look for them inside the app in question.