學習基本操作

如同其他的作業系統一樣,有一些東西你可能不熟悉。本節將講解如何完成簡單的的任務,如瀏覽網頁,聽音樂,還有你可能不知道的其他有用的信息。

桌面

Elementary OS 的桌面非常簡單易學。它由兩部分組成:面板和dock。您可以通過System SettingsDesktopWallpaper自定義桌面壁紙。

面板

At the top of the desktop is the Panel. On the left is the Applications Menu, in the center are the date and time, and on the right are the Indicators.

面板

Applications Menu

On the left side of the panel is the Applications Menu. Selecting Applications opens the menu with all of your installed apps. You can view multiple pages of apps using the pagers at the bottom or by scrolling. You can also use the view switcher at the top to switch between a grid view and a category view.

Applications Menu

You can search for apps by name or by keyword and perform actions associated with them. You can also search for System Settings panes. Some of the actions you can find in search include:

To open the Applications Menu with the keyboard, press + Space.

指標

On the right side of the panel are icons called Indicators. These tell you of the current status of your session and device, i.e. network connections, battery, sound input and output, notifications, etc. Selecting an indicator exposes more information and related actions.

A middle click or three finger tap on an indicator will present you with the following quick actions:

Dock

At the bottom of the desktop is the Dock. It contains your favorite apps well as any apps that are currently open.

Dock

The contents of the dock are easily customizable. To add an app to the dock, drag and drop it from the Applications Menu or right-click an open app's icon and choose Keep in Dock. To remove an app from the dock, drag it off and drop it in an empty space on your desktop or right-click the icon and uncheck Keep in Dock. To rearrange apps on the dock, simply drag and drop them.

By default, the dock hides off the bottom of the desktop when an app is maximized. Simply move your mouse to the bottom center of the desktop to reveal the dock.

You can customize the dock's behavior through System SettingsDesktopDock.

程式視窗

應用程序有自己的視窗,可以將其關閉,最大化,或四處移動。

當您打開一個應用程序,其窗口會顯示在桌面上。每個應用程序通常有三個區域:窗口按鈕,工具欄和應用程序的內容。

Header Bar

Many apps have a Header Bar at the top of the app. This area contains common actions or navigation items for the app, plus the Window Buttons.

You can move an app's window around the desktop by dragging anywhere on the Header Bar, including on buttons.

Header Bar

視窗按鈕

An app's Window Buttons are at the top corners of the app window. The close button is on the left and the maximize button is on the right. Pressing the close button will close the app's window. Pressing the maximize button will toggle whether the app window takes up the full desktop or not. You can also drag a window to the top of the desktop or double-click its header bar to maximize, and drag from the top or double-click the header bar to unmaximize.

多工作業檢視

elementary OS 支持兩種多工作業檢視:視窗 和 工作區。

Windows

Apps open in app windows. They can overlap on your desktop and be moved around. You can switch between windows several ways:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWindows.

熱角

You can also configure "hot corners" (shortcuts activated by placing your cursor in the corner of the display) to activate multitasking functions like the window overview, workspace overview, and more.

You can customize hot corners through System SettingsDesktopHot Corners.

工作區

By default, all app windows open on one workspace. However, you can use multiple workspaces to organize your workflow:

You can customize these shortcuts through System SettingsKeyboardShortcutsWorkspaces.

Some windows may also fullscreen onto a new workspace. You can move between workspaces as usual, and closing or un-fullscreening the app will return you to the previous workspace.

Note: refers to the "super" key. It is also known as the "Windows" key on most PCs or the "Command" key on Macs.

Multiple Displays

The panel, dock, and workspaces appear only on the primary display. Any other attached displays act as standalone workspaces. To manage and rearrange displays, head to System SettingsDisplays. Your primary display is marked with a filled-in star () and each display's settings can be changed from its cog () menu.

安裝應用程序

elementary OS comes with AppCenter, an app store for open source pay-what-you want apps. Installing a new app from AppCenter is easy:

  1. Open the AppCenter app.
  2. Search in the top-right, or browse by category.
  3. Select Free or the suggested price next to the app you want to install. To choose a different price, select the button and select or enter your own price.

您可能會被要求輸入密碼來取得安裝權限。

Note: Some software may not be available from AppCenter. As of elementary OS 5.1 Hera, you can also sideload Flatpak apps from third-party .flatpakref files.

更新

AppCenter includes updates for apps and the operating system itself under the Installed tab. Remember to install updates frequently to get the latest features, fixes, and security improvements. For more information related to security patches, read the Ubuntu security notices.

系統設定

elementary OS comes with the "System Settings" app that helps you manage settings and preferences for your device. System Settings gives you the ability to adjust things like keyboard shortcuts, display resolution, your wallpaper, and more.

系統設定

你可以在窗口頂部的搜索欄輸入關鍵字快速尋找你要的設定。 系統設定窗口中的內容會根據您的關鍵字篩選你要的內容。

App 設定

Keep in mind that System Settings only deals with the global preferences for elementary OS. Although some apps may also have their own preferences, you will not find them here. Instead, look for them inside the app in question.